Result of Verb

In order to show the result of an Action, “some words” can be added after the Action Verb. The “some words” can be an Action Verb, an Adjective or a Directional Compound. The Object is often moved to the head of the sentence as the topic. In order to form questions, either 吗 (ma) or 没有 (méiyǒu) can be added to the end of the sentence.

1. Action Verbs as the Result

O S V Result
kāfēi (yǐjīng) hē wán le.
咖啡 (已经) 喝 完 了。

He has already finished drinking his coffee.

májiàng xué huì le ma?
麻将 会 了 吗?

Have you learned how to play Mahjong?

shēngrìdàngāo shōu dào le méiyǒu?
生日蛋糕 到 了 没有?

Have you received your birthday cake?

2. Adjectives as the Result

Negatives are formed by placing 没 (méi) before the Verb (and omitting 了le).

O S V Result
nàfúhuà (méi) kàn míngbai.
那幅画 (没) 看 明白。

I haven’t figured out what that painting means.

zhège wèntí huídá cuò le.
这 个问题 回答 错 了。

You have answered this question wrong.

lǎobǎn yào nǐ zuòdeshì (dōu) bàn hǎo le méiyǒu?
老板 要 你 做的事 (都) 办 好 了 没有?

Have you finished doing what the boss told you?

3. Directional Compounds as the Result

When wishing to express the idea “not yet”, 还没 (háiméi) is put before the Verb.

O S V Result
jiājù wǒmen bān jìnlái le.
家具 我们 进来 了。

We have carried the furniture in.

háizi jiē huílái méi?
孩子 回来 没?

Have you picked the kid?

nàjiānfángzi mài chūqù le méi?
那间房子 出去 了 没?

Have you sold that house?

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