Complete one action, then start another

When you want to say “After I did something, then I did something else”, simply add “完 wán” to the verb in the first clause and then insert “就 jiù” at the beginning of the second clause. In this sentence pattern, “了 le” indicates that the action has been completed. (Also learn 了 indicating a change of situation.)

S V O, V
xiǎomínɡ chī wán fàn, jiù qù pǎobù le.
小明 饭, 去 跑步 了。

After eating, Xiao Ming went jogging.

kàn wán diànshì, jiù shuìjiào le.
电视, 睡觉 了。

After watching TV, she went to sleep.

If there is a subject stated in the second clause, “就” should be put after the subject.

V O, S V
xià wán yǔ, tāmen jiù chūqù le.
雨, 他们 出去 了。

After it rained, they went out.

wán lánqiú, wǒmen jiù qù xǐzǎo le.
篮球, 我们 去 洗澡 了。

After playing basketball, we took a shower.

To express that the action is habitual and doesn’t refer to the tense, simply remove “了” in the above sentences. E.g. to express “Whenever she finishes watching TV, she would go to bed”, we can say “她 看 完 电视,就睡觉 (tā kàn wán diàn shì , jiù shuì jiào)”. And like wise, to express that Xiao Ming has the bad habit of “running after eating”, we can say “小明 吃 完 饭,就 去跑步 (xiǎo mínɡ chī wán fàn, jiù qù pǎo bù)”.

S V O, V
shànɡ wán kè, jiù yào huíjiā le.
课, 回家 了。

After taking the class, she will go home.

wǒmen kàn wán NBA, jiù yào huíɡuó le.
我们 NBA, 回国 了。

After watching NBA, we will return to our country.

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