来 and 去 Suffixed to Verbs of Motion

“来” and “去” can express both motion (come/go) and direction (here/there), e.g.
来 = to come (here), motion towards to the speaker
去 = to go (there), motion away from the speaker

S V
lái
来。

You come (here).

去。

I go (there).

Besides, “来” and “去” can also be used as suffixes themselves to 6 special verbs of motion in Chinese. These 6 special verbs of motion are 上, 下, 出,进, 回, 过.

上来 shànɡ lái to come up (here)
下来 xià lái to come down (here)
出来 chū lái to come out (here)
进来 jìn lái to come in (here)
回来 huí lái to come back (here)
过来 ɡuò lái to come over (here)
上去 shànɡ qù to go up (there)
下去 xià qù to go down (there)
出去 chū qù to go out (there)
进去 jìn qù to go in (there)
回去 huí qù to go back (there)
过去 ɡuò qù to go over (there)
S (Adverb) V 来/去
jìn lái!
来!

You come in!

tāde zhànɡfu méi huí lái.
她的 丈夫 没 回 来。

Her husband hasn’t come back.

shuí chū qù le?
去 了?

Who went out?

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