The Occurrence of Events 过 + 了

Perfective “过 ɡuò” indicates the completion of an action, similar to the “have + done” structure in English. “过” is suffixed to the verb and “了 le” follows “过”. When there is an Object, it comes between “过” and “了”.

S V O
kàn ɡuò zhèɡe diànyǐnɡ le.
这个 电影 了。

She has seen this movie.

(yǐjīnɡ) qù ɡuò běijīnɡ le.
(已经) 去 北京 了。

He has already been to Beijing.

tāmen (ɡānɡɡānɡ) diǎn ɡuò cài le.
他们 (刚刚) 点 了。

They have just ordered the dish.

Questions are formed by adding “吗 mɑ” or “没有 méiyǒu” to the end of the sentence.

S V O (了) 吗/没有?
chī ɡuò běijīnɡ kǎoyā mɑ?
北京烤鸭 吗?

Have you eaten Beijing Duck?

ɡěitā dǎ ɡuò diànhuà méiyǒu?
给她 打 电话 没有?

Have you called her?

chī ɡuò wǎnfàn le mɑ?
晚饭 吗?

Have you had dinner?

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