Nouns Modified by Clauses

In English, the attributive clause comes after the noun it modifies, while in Chinese, the clause precedes the noun. 的 is used to connect the clause and the noun it modifies. Structure: Modifying Clause + 的 + Modified Noun

Verb Object Modified Noun
xǐhuān chànɡɡē de rén
喜欢 唱歌

people who like singing

zìxínɡchē de nánháir
自行车 男孩儿

the boy who rides the bicycle

Subject Verb Modified Noun
shuō de huà

words that I said

xǐhuān de yùndònɡ
喜欢 运动

sports that he likes

Verb Complement Modified Noun
pǎo de kuài de rén

people who run fast

bùsǐ de xiǎoqiánɡ
不死 小强

cockroaches that are unable to be killed

(In Chinese, “小强” is a cute name for cockroaches. “强” implies a cockroach’s “strong” surviving ability)

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