We have learned two of three main types of Chinese verbs - Action Verbs and Equative Verbs. Now we will get to know the third type:

Stative Verbs (Chinese Adjectives)

Stative Verbs (also known as Chinese adjectives) are used to describe the nature, appearance or characteristics of a person or an object. In English, the describing is done by using the structure “to be + adjective”. E.g. She is beautiful. In Chinese, however, there is no need to add “to be” before the adjective. So, “She is beautiful” is simply translated as “她漂亮” tā piàoliɑnɡ.

One thing we need to know about Chinese adjectives is that they usually have this adverb “很” – hěn preceding them although it doesn’t necessarily have a very strong meaning of “very”. Other adverbs to describe Chinese adjectives include 非常 fēichánɡ, 真 zhēn, 太 tài, etc.

S Adverb SV
hěn lèi.
累。

I am tired.

běijīnɡ de yèwǎn fēichánɡ piàoliɑnɡ.
北京的 夜晚 非常 漂亮。

The night of Beijing is very beautiful.

zhè jiàn yīfu tài ɡuì le!
这件衣服 贵 了!

This clothe is so expensive

“不” is used before the adverb or the adjective to have a negative meaning.

S Adverb SV
tài è.
饿。

I am not so hungry.

tài ɡāoxìnɡ.
高兴。

She is not very happy.

jīntiān rè.
今天 热。

It is not hot today.

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