Indirect Object (IO)

In Chinese, the indirect object precedes the direct object(DO). The direct object represents what is being transferred as a result of the action, and the indirect object denotes who is being affected by that action. As in the English sentence “Jack teaches her French”, “French” plays the role of a “direct object” and “her” plays the role of an “indirect object”. Indirect objects occur most frequently with the verb“给” (to give).

S V IO DO
xiǎomínɡ ɡěi shū.
小明 书。

Xiao Ming gives me the book.

ɡěi lǐwù.
礼物。

He gives me the gift.

ɡěi shénme?
什么?

What does she give you?

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