过 Indicating Past Experience

In Chinese, when you want to indicate that a specific event has (or has not ever) taken place, you can use 过, which is added to the verb. 过 is suffixed to the main Verb indicating an experience in the past with no specific time reference. Negative are formed by prefixing 没(有) to the verb.

S 没(有) V N
guò zhèběn xiǎoshuō.
这本 小说。

I have read this novel.

zuò guò fēijī.
飞机。

He has taken a plane before.

méi guò yìdàlì.
意大利。

I haven't been to Italy.

Questions are formed by adding 吗 or 没有to the end of the sentence.

S V N 吗/没有?
shàng guò dàxué ma?
大学 吗?

Have you ever been to college?

kàn guò kǒngbù diànyǐng ma?
恐怖 电影 吗?

Have you watched horror movies?

chī guò fàn méiyǒu?
没有?

Have you eaten yet?

yòng guò kuàizi méiyǒu?
筷子 没有?

Have you ever used chopsticks?

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