到 (dào) Suffixed to Verbs

When Verbs of Motion are used with 到, it expresses a meaning of direction. The most common verbs of motion are: 跑pǎo (to run), 走zǒu (to walk), 飞fēi (to fly), 回huí (to return), 搬bān (to move) 开kāi (to drive), 寄jì (to mail), 拿ná (to take), 送sòng (to deliver). The structure is: Verb + 到 + Place Word.

来lái (to come) and 去qù (to go) often follow the Place Word, indicating whether the action is towards or away from the speaker.

S TW/AV V PW 来/去
māma yào zǒu dào shāngchǎng lái.
妈妈 商场 来。

My mother wants to walk to the mall.

zhuōzi yào bān dào lóushàng qù.
桌子 楼上 去。

The table needs be moved upstairs.

zhōumò yào fēi dào běijīng qù.
周末 要 北京 去。

I will take a plane to Beijing on weekends.

到 can also be suffixed to some verbs to express a meaning “until”. These verbs include: 学xué (to study), 读dú (to read), 写xiě (to write), etc. Used in this way, it defines when an activity lasts until.

S TW/AV V N/TW
lǐlì xué dào dìwǔkè.
李丽 第五课。

Li Li has studied to the fifth lesson.

dàjiā zuótiān wán dào liǎngdiǎn.
大家 昨天 两点。

People played until two o’clock yesterday.

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