把 sentence II

Previously, you are introduced 3 situations where “把” can be used. Now let’s look at more examples.

Verbs + Location (preposition phrase with 在)

S AV/neg. Object V Location
zhānɡlěi chē tínɡ zài chēkùlǐ le.
张磊 在车库里 了。
bié qián fànɡ zài kǒudài lǐ.
在口袋里。
yīnɡɡāi pīnyīn xiě zài hànzì shànɡmiɑn.
应该 拼音 在汉字上面。

The Action Verb takes both direct and indirect objects.

S Direct Object V Indirect Object
lǐwù sònɡ ɡěi tā le.
礼物 她了。
zìxínɡchē jiè ɡěi wǒ pénɡyǒu le.
自行车 我朋友了。

In Chinese, “把” can also be used when speaker wants to put an emphasis on the object and what happened to it rather than the subject. E.g.: In the sentence “我把作业做完了”, the speaker probably wants to emphasize what has happened to his “homework”, while “我做完作业了” is simply reporting an event, with no special focus.

So far, we've learned all the usages of “把” sentence. Note that in a sentence with “把” or one without “把”, the difference is not one of meaning but of emphasis or focus. It is therefore up to the speaker to decide whether or not to use “把”, depending on the desired thrust of his utterance. You may find it difficult to know how to use “把” sentence correctly. Don’t worry if you can’t get them right the first time. Just feel your way along and give it more practice with your teacher.

To help you better understand, iChineseLearning has another article explaining the usage of 把 sentence.

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